HYMEN MEMEK PERAWAN REPAIR.BLOGSPOT.COM hp 087882172619 email : dr.anwar2008@gmail.com

Senin, 28 April 2008

Apakah itu hymen?

The hymen (also called maidenhead)[1] is a fold of mucous membrane which surrounds or partially covers the external vaginal opening. Its name comes from the ancient greek for "hymenaeus," which means "vaginal-flap." It was also the name for the Greek god of marriage, later also the Greek God of membranes; "Hymenaios."[2][3] A slang term is "cherry", as in "popping one's cherry" (losing one's virginity). It forms part of the vulva, or external genitalia.[4][5] The most common formation of the hymen is crescentic or crescent-shaped, although several other formations are possible.[6] After a woman gives birth she may be left with remnants of the hymen called carunculae myrtiformes or the hymen may be completely absent.[7]

The hymen has no known anatomical function. In societies which value chastity, the greatest significance of the hymen is a traditional belief that an intact hymen indicates a state of intact virginity. However, it is not possible to confirm that a woman or post-pubescent girl is not a virgin by examining the hymen.[8] A physician routinely checks the appearance of the hymen of baby girls at birth[citation needed], and again during all future pelvic examinations. In cases of suspected rape or sexual abuse a detailed examination of the hymen may be carried out, however the condition of the hymen alone is often inconclusive or open to misinterpretation, especially if the patient has reached puberty.[9]

Most common forms of the hymen:

crescent-shaped, crescentic, or posterior rim: no hymenal tissue at the 12 o'clock position; narrow band of tissue starts at 1 or 2 o'clock going clockwise, is at its widest around 6 o'clock, and tapers off at 10 or 11 o'clock
annular, or circumferential: the hymen forms a ring around the vaginal opening; especially common in newborns[14]
redundant; sometimes sleeve-like: folds in on itself, which sometimes causes it to protrude; most common in infancy and at/following puberty due to estrogen levels;[15] can be combined with other type such as "annular and redundant"
Less common forms:

fimbriated or denticular: an irregular edge to the hymenal orifice; more likely at an age when estrogen is present
septate: the hymen has one or more bands extending across the opening
cribriform, or microperforate: the hymen stretches completely across the vaginal opening, but is perforated with several holes
labial, or vertical: hymen has an opening from the 12 to the 6 o'clock positions and can look similar to a third set of vulvar lips
imperforate:[16] hymen completely covers vaginal orifice; will require minor surgery if it has not corrected itself by puberty to allow menstrual fluids to escape
The hymen is torn or stretched by penetrative sex, and more so when a woman gives birth vaginally.

parous introitus refers to the vaginal opening which has had a baby pass through it and consequently has nothing left of its hymen but a fleshy irregular outline decorating its perimeter; these tags are called carunculae mytriformes

What might damage the hymen
The hymen may be damaged by playing sports, using tampons, pelvic examinations or even straddle injuries.[21]

Once a girl reaches puberty, the hymen tends to become quite elastic. It is not possible to determine whether a woman uses tampons or not by examining her hymen. Sexual intercourse is one of the most common ways to damage the hymen, although in one survey only 43% of women reported bleeding the first time they had sex; which means that in the other 57% of women the hymen likely stretched enough that it didn't tear.[21]

It is rare to damage the hymen through accidental injury, such as falling on the top tube of a bicycle. Although such an accident may cause bleeding, this is usually due to damage to surrounding tissues such as the labia.[22] It is unlikely that an accident would damage the hymen without injuring any other part of the vulva. Therefore, damage to the hymen alone, described as an accident, would be seen as a strong indicator of sexual assault.
posted by dr Anwar at 16.43

Links to this post:

Buat sebuah Link

<< Home